RESCUER SPORTS GLOSSARY

To talk shop and
to know better

glossary-ski-and-snowboard

Not only surfing or mountain biking have terms to explain, but also skiing and snowboarding.

LSV device

An avalanche transceiver is needed to locate and rescue buried subjects. It is an electronic device and is a must-have for ski and snowboard tours.

Touring backpack

This backpack is also equipped with an airbag and can minimize the risk of burial.

Ascent skins

The skins are applied to the bottom of the skis with Velcro principle and allow going uphill at all. The fibers of the skins prevent sliding backwards.

Crampons

These are fittings made of metal and are attached to the touring ski for extra grip in icy and poor conditions.

Avalanche warning level

There are avalanche warning levels from 1 to 5 and they indicate in which regions and how strong an avalanche can go off. Therefore, as a winter sportsman you should always inform yourself about the current warning level, even for small tours!

glossary mountain bike

You like to go biking and would like to be able to talk to your friends and throw out a bit of technical jargon? Then get some terminology inspiration here.

All-Moutain

Popular type of mountain bike that can be described as an all-rounder and is suitable for almost all terrains.

Transalp

Crossing the Alps by mountain bike.

Bike park

An area designed for bikers with various downhill runs and obstacles designed for downhillers and freeriders. A bike park usually consists of various downhill runs with different levels of difficulty and is often located in ski areas that have switched to bike operation in summer.

Bunnyhop

A jump with the bike, where you pull up the front wheel first, and then the rear wheel.

MTB Cross Country

A mountain bike discipline that involves riding cross-country in open terrain.

Bike damper

Suspension of the rear part of the mountain bike.

Downhill mountain biking

Extreme type of mountain biking characterized by demanding descents with jumps and technically difficult passages - not suitable for beginners!

Enduro mountain bike

Enduro mountain bikes have full suspension (see Fullies). For downhill-oriented bikers who still want to ride uphill under their own steam, they are considered the all-rounder bikes.

Suspension fork

Almost all modern mountain bikes have forks with springs and shock absorbers, which provide better ground contact and greater comfort when riding.

Fully

A fully (full-suspension) is a full-suspension mountain bike that is equipped with a suspension fork at the front and a shock absorber at the rear.

Hardtail

Mountain bikes with an unsprung rear frame, but usually have a front suspension fork.

Clipless pedals

Pedals where the shoe is fixed to the pedal with a binding.

Line

A line is your individual "downhill run" on a trail passage.

Disc brake

The disc brake has become largely accepted today compared to the rim brake in mountain biking. The better braking effect, less wear and smaller risk of overheating on the slope distinguish the disc brakes.

Single trail

Narrow path that can only be used by one mountain biker at a time due to its narrow width. Often these are hiking trails, so you should always watch out for hikers or walkers.

Single trail scale

Scale for assessing the difficulty of single trails. This is divided into three difficulty classes: easy (S0 and S1), medium (S2) and difficult (S3, S4 and S5).

Trackstand

Balancing on the bike. It happens that when going downhill or uphill you have people in front of you who stop, so you have to wait. If you can do the trackstand, stay on the bike without putting your feet down.

Uphill Bike

Uphill driving.

Wheelie

Riding on the rear wheel - keeping your balance by pedaling and braking.

MTB

Short for mountain bike.

eMTB

Electric mountain bike.

glossary-kitesurfing

Kiting also has its own terminology, which you should remember. You will hear them again and again and need them.

Surfspot

A beach where you can kitesurf.

Air time

Duration of a jump. The duration of the flight is a few seconds, depending on wind conditions.

Bladder

An inflatable plastic tube located in the tubes that is inflated before the kite is launched.

Trailing edge

The trailing edge of the kite.

Adjuster

The adjuster is used to change the ratio between front and back lines and thus the angle of attack of the kite to the wind can be adjusted and also its pressure.

Connection point

The lines are attached to the kite at different knots. The different lengths affect the position of the kite in the air.

Anpowern

Pull the bar towards you to increase the pull of the kite.

Backlines

The control lines that run from the sides at the trailing edge to the bar.

Bar

Handlebar.

Bodydrag

Without a board, just lie in the water, let the kite pull you.

Front tube

Leading edge of the kite, which is filled with air and determines the shape of the kite.

Pumpleash

To prevent the kite from flying away when inflating the tube, it can be attached to the kite using the pumpleash, a rope.

Cross tubes

Go from the front tube across the kite and serve for stabilization.

Quick-Release

Intended for emergencies. If it is triggered, the kite crashes and hangs only on the Safety Leash.

Sine curves

To increase the pull of the kite, it can be moved in up and down motions to and from the water.

Wind window

The flight range of the kite

Zenith

The highest point of the wind window with the least draft.

Stable

Wave kiting combines the elements of kitesurfing with those of surfing. The kite surfer is pulled out to the surf zone with kite support and then rides the waves there or uses them to jump.

Wakestyle

The kite surfer practices tricks that originally come from wakeboarding while kiting.

Sideshore/cross-shore wind

Wind blowing sideways to the land.

Offshore wind

Offshore wind. The wind works against the waves and thus steeper and cleaner waves are created. For surfers the optimal wind position.

Onshore wind

Onshore wind. The wind blows from the sea and makes the waves - depending on the wind strength - choppy. Therefore the waves are not so good to surf anymore

Right of way rules

In kitesurfing, as in windsurfing, there are many rules that must be followed. There are even some that you have to follow and learn in every course.

Leading edge

The leading edge, the front tube of the screen.

Angle of attack

The pull depends on the angle of attack of the kite to the wind.

glossary-windsurfing

In windsurfing there are some differences from surfing. That also in the terminology. Here is a small overview.

Luv

The side facing the wind.

Lee

The downwind side.

Anluven

This steering maneuver involves turning the nose (bow) of the board in the direction of the wind.

Drop

This steering maneuver involves turning the nose (bow) of the board away from the wind.

Sideshore/cross-shore wind

Wind blowing sideways to the land.

Offshore wind

Offshore wind. The wind works against the waves and thus steeper and cleaner waves are created. For surfers the optimal wind position.

Onshore wind

Onshore wind. The wind blows from the sea and makes the waves - depending on the wind strength - choppy. Therefore, the waves are no longer so good to surf.

Right of way rules

In windsurfing there are many rules that must be followed. For this, there are even some right of way rules that you must follow and learn in each course.

Surfspot

A beach where you can windsurf.

glossary-surf

If you're about to take your first surfing course, we'll give you some terminology here so you already have an initial understanding.

Surfspot

A beach where surfable waves break.

righthander

The wave breaks to the right as seen from the paddling surfer.

Lefthander

The wave breaks to the left as seen from the paddling surfer.

beach break

At a beach break, the waves usually break on a sandbar and is therefore well suited for learning to surf.

Reefbreak

At a reef break the waves break over a reef (rocks or corals) and is therefore rather something for experts, because the risk of injury is higher than on sand.

Pointbreak

At a pointbreak the waves break either over a sandbank or a reef. The special feature is that the waves break only in one direction (right- or lefthander), but very long. A pointbreak is because of its length the most beautiful for surfing, but only conditionally suitable for beginners, because you have to be able to surf in a certain direction.

Grip

The grip is the adhesion on the surfboard for the stand. There is special surf wax that you spread on the surface of your board to have a better stand.

Offshore wind

Offshore wind. The wind works against the waves and thus steeper and cleaner waves are created. For surfers the optimal wind position.

Onshore wind

Onshore wind. The wind blows from the sea and makes the waves - depending on the wind strength - choppy. Therefore, the waves are no longer so good to surf.

Peak

At the peak the wave is the highest and starts to break first. It is the most optimal point to start into the wave.

Paddling

When paddling, it is important to paddle effectively to prevent muscle tension. The arms should not be immersed too deeply, pull well and try to find a steady rhythm.

Set

A set is understood by surfers as a series of waves (wave series) that break at a constant distance.

Take Off

Take off is the standing up movement when surfing. It is important to catch the right moment to ride the wave standing up.

Right of way rules

Also in surfing there are some rules that must be respected. For this, there are even some right of way rules that you must follow and learn in each course.

White Water

Arises when a wave breaks. Many small bubbles form, which are also called wave foam. The white water has a lot of power and can break again to form a wave. It is perfect for beginners because it is easier to catch than an unbroken wave.

The most popular trips

Whether windsurfing, kitesurfing, surfing or wakeboarding: Together with you we plan and design your individual surf course to learn to surf, your surf camp to improve your skills or your personal surf trip to experience your passion for the water with all your senses.